Peace be upon you all.Allah is the Greatest,
Allah is the Greatest
Allah is the Greatest,
Allah is the Greatest
I bear witness that there is none
worthy of worship except Allah
I bear witness that there is none
worthy of worship except Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw)
is the Messenger of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw)
is the Messenger of Allah.
Come to Prayer,
Come to Prayer
Come to success,
Come to success
Allah is the Greatest,
Allah is the Greatest.
There is none worthy of
worship except Allah.
Peace be upon you all, I bear witness that there is none
worthy of worship except Allah He is alone and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw)
is His Servant and Messenger After this I seek refuge with
Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the
Gracious, the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah,
Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and
Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou
hast bestowed Thy blessings, those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. Today, I will resume the series
of the accounts of the lives of the badri companions
of the Holy Prophet (saw). Due to the recent tour and various
Jalsas [annual conventions], there came a break between this series. The last sermon that I
delivered on the accounts of the lives of the companions
was on 20th September. In that sermon I mentioned
Hazrat Khubaib bin Adi (ra), however there were some narrations
from his account that were left. It was mentioned in that sermon
that at the time of his martyrdom, he requested Allah the Almighty to convey his
greetings of peace to the Holy Prophet (saw). Nonetheless, these people
were of a very lofty status and had attained the nearness
of Allah the Almighty. We also learn about how Allah the
Almighty treated them form this incident when he requested Allah the Almighty to
convey his ‘Salaam’ to the Holy Prophet (saw) as there was no one else to do so,
and Allah the Almighty did indeed convey his ‘Salaam’ to
the Holy Prophet (saw). The Holy Prophet (saw), while he
was sitting with his Companions (ra), replied with ‘Peace be upon you too’ and informed
the Companions (ra) about his martyrdom. After the martyrdom of Hazrat Khubaib
bin Adi (ra) and his companions, the Holy Prophet (saw) commanded Hazrat
Amr bin Umayyah (ra) to go to Mecca and to kill Abu Sufyan, the
chief instigator of this cruel act as he was now deserving
of this punishment. The Holy Prophet (saw) also sent Hazrat
Jabbar bin Sakhr (ra) Ansari with him. Both of them tied their camels
in a pass in the Valley of Yajid, which is situated 8 miles from Mecca
and entered Mecca during the night. Hazrat Jabbar (ra) expressed
his desire to Hazrat Amr (ra) if they could have the opportunity to perform
tawaaf and circumambulate the Ka’aba and offer two raka’at of
prayer, at the Ka’aba, that is! Hazrat ‘Amr (ra) replied that it was
a custom of the people of Quraish that after finishing their evening meal, they
would sit in their courtyards at night. Therefore he feared lest they got caught. Hazrat Jabbar (ra) replied that
God willing, that will not happen. Hazrat Amr (ra) states, “We then performed
tawaaf and offered two raka’at of prayer. “Then, went forth in search of Abu Sufyan. “By Allah, we were walking when a Meccan
saw me and recognised me and said, ‘This is Amr bin Umayyah! Surely he
must have come with some evil intent.’ “Upon this, I told my companion to take
caution and that we should leave from here! “Then, we quickly came out of
there and climbed a mountain. “Those people also followed us. “However, when we reached the peak of
that mountain, they gave up and returned. “Then, we came down and
entered a cave in the mountain. “We gathered some stones and stacked
them up and we spent the night there. “The next morning, one of the Quraish approached
by as he was walking his horse on that route. “We hid back in the cave. “I thought to myself that if he has
seen us then he will create an uproar. “It would be best to kill him.” Hazrat Amr (ra) further narrates, “I had a
dagger, which I had prepared for Abu Sufyan. “I struck that person’s
chest with the dagger upon “which he yelled such a loud cry that
the Meccans also heard his voice. “Once again returned to
my spot and hid myself. “The people quickly rushed to him
while he was taking his last breaths. “They asked him that who attacked him?
He replied that it was ‘Amr bin Umayyah. “Following this, death overtook
him and he died on that very spot “and was unable to inform
them of where we were.” In those days, this was the custom that if the
enemies would become aware of [someone’s presence] then they would be killed due to the
severe enmity between one another. Therefore, since they suspected that he had seen
them, and so he may inform them about them, as a result of which the disbelievers
would come after them and kill them. Hence, before such a thing like this
could happen, he did this in self-defence. Nevertheless, he states “He was unable
to inform them of where we were “and so we picked him
up and took him away. “At night, I said to my
companion that we are safe now. “Hence, we set off during the night to go
from Mecca to Medina and passed by a party, “which was guarding the body
of Hazrat Khubaib bin Adi (ra). “One of them saw Hazrat
Amr (ra) and said that, ‘By God! I have never seen anyone walk so similar
to that of Amr bin Umayyah’s style of walking. ‘If he was not in Medina, I would
say that this is ‘Amr bin Umayyah.’” Even here, Allah the Exalted
cast a veil over their eyes. He says that “When Hazrat Jabbar (ra)
reached the plank of wood “on which Hazrat Khubaib (ra) was hung,
he quickly picked it up and ran away. “The members of this party
started chase after him.” In another narration it is mentioned
that they were intoxicated with alcohol. Some were drunk, some were awake, whilst some
were asleep and others were in a drowsy state. Nevertheless, they did not realise and so
they quickly took the body and ran away. When they became aware
of this, they chased them until Hazrat Jabbar (ra) reached a fast
flowing stream near the mount Yajij and he threw this plank
of wood into the stream. These group of men pursuing
them also arrived there, however, Allah the Almighty had caused
this plank of wood to remain hidden from the sight of the disbelievers
and they were unable to find it. Hazrat Amr (ra) states, “I said to my
companion, that is Hazrat Jabbar (ra), “that he should leave this place
and ride away on his camel. “I will prevent these people
from coming after you.” Hazrat Amr (ra) says that, “I then started
walking until I reached mount Yajnan, “which is situated at a distance
of 25 miles from Mecca. “I took shelter in a cave and I left the
cave until I reached the area of Arj, “which is at a distance
of 78 miles from Medina.” He says that, “I then continued to
walk until I reached the area of ‘Naqi’, which is at a distance of
approximately 60 miles from Medina. “There, I saw two men from
among the idolaters of Quraish, “who were sent to Medina
as spies by the Quraish. “I said to them that that they
should lay down their arms “as it had now become evident
that they had come to spy. “However, they did not agree. “Subsequently, a fight broke out.” He says, “I struck one with an arrow and
killed him and imprisoned the other one, “shackled him and brought
him back with me to Medina.” According to another narration, Hazrat
Amr bin Umayyah Zamri (ra) relates that the Holy Prophet (saw)
sent him alone as an emissary in order to take Hazrat Khubaib (ra)
down from the plank of wood. He says, “At night, I approached that
place and climbed the plank of wood “on which Hazrat Khubaib (ra) [was hanging from]
and I was scared that someone might see me. “When I released the plank
of wood, it fell to the ground. “Following this, the plank of wood
vanished as if the ground had swallowed it. “From that time until today, there is no
mention of the bones of Khubaib (ra).” According to yet another narration, Hazrat
‘Amr bin Umayyah Zamri (ra) relates, “When I released Hazrat Khubaib (ra)
from the ropes and laid him down, “I heard a noise behind me. “When I turned around again,
I was unable to see anything “and the body of Hazrat Khubaib (ra)
had disappeared from my sight.” Hence, the first narration seems more
authentic that when they chased them, he threw it into the river and
that the river washed it away, or that the stream or the
flow of water took it away. Hence, there are various narrations. Nevertheless, he became known by a title which
meant one whose body disappeared in the earth and no one was able to find it. The disbelievers, who wanted to
mutilate his body, were unable to do so and Allah the Almighty protected it. One narration in relation to the incident of the
imprisonment of Hazrat Khubaib (ra) is as follows. Ma’wiyah, who was the freed female
slave of Hujair bin Abu Ayhab, in Mecca, and Khubaib (ra)
was imprisoned at her house so that he may be killed as soon as
the sacred months have passed. Ma’wiyah accepted Islam later
and proved to be a good Muslim. Later, Ma’wiyah used to say that “By God! I have
not seen anyone better than Hazrat Khubaib (ra). “I used to observe him from the
door and he was shackled in chains. “According to my knowledge, there was not even a
seed of a grape to eat on the face of the earth,” i.e there were no grapes in that area, “yet, Hazrat Khubaib (ra) used to
have a bunch of grapes in his hand “that was the size of a person’s head,” i.e. it was a large bunch of grapes. “This was nothing but the
provisions granted to him by Allah. “Hazrat Khubaib (ra) would recite the
Holy Qur’an during the Tahajjud prayer “and women would cry after hearing it and
feel sympathetic towards Hazrat Khubaib (ra).” She says, “Once, I asked Hazrat
Khubaib (ra) that ‘O Khubaib (ra)! “Do you have any need? Upon this, he replied
that ‘I do not. Indeed, there is one thing. “Please give me cold water to
drink and do not give me any meat “that has been slaughtered
in the name of idols.” Do not give me the food that you give me, which
has been slaughtered in the name of idols. “Thirdly, inform me when they decide
when it is that they will kill me.” She then states, “Following this,
once the sacred months had passed “and once people had agreed on
the killing of Hazrat Khubaib (ra), “I went to him and informed him of this. “By God! He did not care
the least about being killed. “He said to me that send a razor to me
so that I can make myself presentable.” She says, “I sent this razor in the
hands of my son, Abu Hussain.” This was not her biological son,
rather, she had only brought him up. This is what has been recorded. She further says, “When my son left, the
thought suddenly came to me that by God! “Khubaib (ra) has found his
opportunity to exact revenge. “My son is now with him, the razor is in
his hands and he will take his revenge. “What have I done by
sending the razor with him? “Khubaib (ra) will kill this child with the
razor and say that life in exchange for life.” The more common narration
states that the child was playing and found his way to him and that
Khubaib (ra) had a razor in his hand. However, in this narration its state
that the child was mature enough that it was possible to have something
sent through him and hence she did so. She further states, “[I thought that] he will
go to Khubaib (ra) and he will say that fine, “if they are going to kill me
then I will kill him as well. “Following this, when my son
went to him with the razor, “he took it and in a light-hearted manner said to
the child that he was very courageous and said, ‘Is your mother not worried about my betrayal
that she sent you to me with the razor, ‘even though you people
have decided to kill me?’” Hazrat Ma’wiyah says, “I was listening
to these words of Khubaib (ra). “I said that ‘O Khubaib (ra)! I remained fearless
from you due to the protection of Allah ‘and I sent this child
to you with the razor ‘whilst placing my trust in
the Being that you worship. ‘I did not send it so that
you may kill my son with it.’ “Hazrat Khubaib (ra) replied, ‘I am
not like this and would not kill him. ‘We do not consider betrayal
lawful in our religion.’” She says, “Following this,
I informed Khubaib (ra) “that people will take him out from here
tomorrow morning and will kill him. “The following day, people shackled
him in chains and took him to Tanim, “which is a place located at a distance of
three miles from Mecca towards Medina. “Children, women, slaves and many people from
Mecca had gathered to see Khubaib (ra)’s murder.” No one remained in Mecca
according to this narration. She states, “Some people were there
to seek vengeance for their elders “who were killed in the battle. “Others present there not to seek
revenge; instead were enemies of Islam “and wished to watch his
execution and take joy from it. “When they took Khubaib (ra) along
with Zaid bin Dasnah to Tanim, “the idolaters instructed that a long piece
of wood should be dug into the ground. “When they brought Khubaib (ra)
near this piece of wood, “he asked permission to offer
two units [raka’at] of prayer. “They allowed him to do so. “Khubaib (ra) offered two Rakats of
voluntary prayer and kept them brief “and did not prolong them at all.” All of the aforementioned details have been
mentioned in this narration by this lady. According to the narration that has just been
presented with reference to Ibn-e-Sa’ad, Ma’wiyah was a freed
slave of Hujair bin Ihaab in whose house Hazrat Khubaib (ra)
was held as a prisoner. According to ‘Alama Ibn ‘Abdul Bar, Khubaib (ra)
was imprisoned in the house of ‘Uqba. ‘Uqba’s wife was providing
food for him during this time, and she would open Hazrat Khubaib (ra)’s
from his shackles when it was time to eat. Alama ibn Aseer Jazwi writes, “Hazrat
Khubaib (ra) was first among the companions “who was crucified for the
sake of Allah Almighty.” That is, he was tied to a piece of
wood that was dug into the ground and was subsequently martyred. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has written about the
incident of Hazrat Khubaib (ra)’s martyrdom. He states, “Abu Sufyan, the chieftain
of Mecca who was also among those “who came to witness the killing, stepped
forward and addressed Zaid (ra) saying, ‘Do you not prefer that instead of
you, Muhammad (saw) was here, ‘and you comfortably
remain in your home?’ “Zaid (ra) furiously responded,
‘Abu Sufyan! What are you saying? ‘By God! I would rather die
if even a thorn were to harm ‘the foot of the Messenger of Allah (saw)
on the streets of Medina!’ “Abu Sufyan was greatly astounded
by this response of great devotion “and looked upon Zaid (ra) in utter
astonishment and murmured: ‘God is witness that no one
loves any human being as much ‘as the Companions of
Muhammad (saw) love him.’” This was the standard of love and devotion of the
Companions (ra) towards the Holy Prophet (saw). They were willing to
sacrifice their lives for him. Similarly, Allah the Almighty’s
treatment with them is also evident. At the time of his martyrdom,
his lasts words were: “When I am being martyred in
the cause of Islam as a Muslim, “I care not as to which flank I
fall upon after being martyred, “all of this is for the sake of God” Such were his standards
of love and devotion. Before he was martyred, his only desire which he expressed was
to to offer Nafal prayers before His Lord. He also desired that his greetings of peace
[Salaam] be conveyed to the Holy Prophet (saw) and God Almighty fulfilled
that desire as well. He loved the Holy Prophet (saw) so much that
it was unbearable for him even to imagine that his life was spared in return for a thorn
pricking the feet of the Holy Prophet (saw). He cared immensely for the slightest
affliction upon the Holy Prophet (saw) and was never concerned
about his own life. For this reason, they were able to attain the
pleasure and acceptance of Allah Almighty. The next companion to be mentioned is Hazrat
Abdullah bin Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool (ra). Hazrat Abdullah (ra) was from Banu ‘Auf, a
branch of the Khazraj tribe of the Ansar. He was the son of Chief of Hypocrites,
Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool. He was a very sincere, loyal, and devoted
Companion of the Holy Prophet (saw). His mother’s name was
Khauwlah bint Munzir. His name during the days
of ignorance was Khubaab. The Holy Prophet (saw) changed his name to
Abdullah and stated: “Khubaab is Satan’s name.” “Salool” was the name of Abdullah Bin
Ubayy’s – the Chief of the Hypocrites – paternal grandmother, and she
belonged to the Khuza’a tribe. Ubayy, was known by his mother’s name, therefore,
he was called Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool. Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool was the
son of Abu Aamir Rahab’s maternal aunt. Abu Aamir was among those people who would
speak about the advent of the Holy Prophet (saw) that a prophet will
emerge in the near future. He used to express his
belief in this prophet. He would take an oath before the people
that he was surely going to appear. During the days of ignorance, Abu
Aamir started to wear rough clothes and adopted a life of seclusion. When Allah Almighty sent His Prophet (saw),
instead of accepting him as he advised others, the opposite happened,
and he became jealous. He rebelled against the Holy Prophet (saw)
and persisted in his state of disbelief. When he accompanied the idolaters to fight
against the Messenger (saw) of Allah during Badr, the Holy Prophet (saw) labelled
him as a ‘Fasiq’ (transgressor). The following names are mentioned
amongst the children of Hazrat Abdullah (ra): ‘Ubadah, Julayhah, Khaythamah,
Khuwali and Umamah. Hazrat ‘Abdullah (ra) accepted Islam,
and was very devout in his belief. He was considered amongst the prominent
companions of the Holy Prophet (saw). He fought alongside the Holy Prophet (saw) at
the time of Badr, Uhud and all other battles. He was able to read and write and
Hazrat Ayesha (ra) has narrated sayings of the Holy Prophet (saw) through him. He also had the honour of being one
of the scribes of the Holy Qur’an. It is narrated that Hazrat Abdullah (ra)’s
nose was severed during the battle of Uhud and the Holy Prophet (saw) instructed him
to get it replaced with a nose made of gold. On the other hand, according to another
narration, Hazrat Abdullah (ra) lost two teeth during the Battle of Uhud, and
the Messenger of Allah (saw) instructed him to get teeth
made of gold as a replacement. The narrator of this traditions states that the
narration about the two teeth is more famous and authentic, and it
seems that way as well. Sometimes certain narrators tend to exaggerate,
or the message is not properly understood. So the narration about the teeth seems
more accurate in that he lost his teeth, and the Holy Prophet (saw) instructed him to
get replace them with teeth made form gold. Even in those days, they would
place a crown on the teeth. Abu Sufiyaan had challenged the
Muslims during the Battle of Uhud that the following year they will face each
other once again at location of Badr. While mentioning this incident in his book ‘The
Life & Character of the Seal of the Prophets’ Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad sahib (ra)
has consulted various historical sources and presented the following details: “In the events of the battle of Uhud,
it has already been mentioned “that while returning
from the battlefield, “Abu Sufyan challenged the Muslims to both
parties meeting again the following year at Badr, “and the Holy Prophet (saw) announced
his acceptance of this challenge. “Hence, the next year, in 4 A.H. at
the end of the month of Shawwal, “the Holy Prophet (saw) set out from
Madinah with a force of 1,500 Companions “and appointed ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdullah
bin Ubayy as the Amir in his absence. “On the other hand, Abu Sufyan bin Harb also set
out from Makkah with an army of the Quraish, “consisting of 2,000 men. “However, despite the victory at Uhud, and
a force this large, his heart was fearful, “and even though he was bent
upon the destruction of Islam, “he wished not to confront the Muslims until
he could gather a more significant force. “As such, he was still in Makkah, when he
dispatched a man by the name of Na‘īm, “who belonged to a neutral tribe, towards
Madinah and emphatically instructed him “that in any way possible, he should
intimidate and threaten the Muslims, “and craft fabricated stories to hold
them back from setting out for war. “Hence, this individual came to Madinah
and crafting false stories of the preparation, “strength, zeal and fury of the Quraish,
created a state of unrest in Madinah. “This was carried out to such an extent
that various people of weaker dispositions “began to harbour fear in
taking part in the Ghazwah. “However, the Holy Prophet (saw)
encouraged the Muslims to go forth, “and in his address, he stated: ‘We have already accepted
the challenge of the Quraish, ‘and we have promised to set out on this
occasion; therefore, we cannot turn back. ‘Even if I am required to go alone, I shall go
and stand firm in the face of the enemy.’” As a result, the fear of the people was
dispelled, and they became prepared to set out in the company of the Holy
Prophet (saw) with great zeal and sincerity. In any case, the Holy Prophet (saw) set
out from Madinah with 1,500 Companions, and on the opposing end, Abu Sufyan set
out from Makkah with his 2,000 warriors. However, the power of God was such that the
Muslims reached Badr according to their promise, but the army of the Quraish came out to
some distance and then retreated to Makkah. The account is that when Abu
Sufyan learnt of the failure of Na‘im, he became fearful in his heart and
after having travelled some distance, he retreated with his
army admonishing them: “This year, the famine is very severe,
and people are facing financial difficulty. “Therefore it is not wise
to fight at this time. “We shall attack Madinah with greater
preparation when a time of affluence is at hand.” The Muslim army stayed at Badr for eight
days, and since a carnival would take place there every year at the beginning
of Dhu Qa‘dah, during the carnival, many Companions engaged in trade and
were able to generate significant profits. As a matter of fact, in this
eight-day business venture, they were able to multiply
their initial capital two-fold. When the carnival came to an end, and
the army of the Quraish did not arrive, the Holy Prophet (saw) departed
from Badr and returned to Madinah. The Quraish returned to Makkah and began
to prepare for an attack upon Madinah. This Ghazwah is known as the
Ghazwah of Badrul-Mau‘id. Hazrat Abdullah (ra) was martyred
in 12 AH in the Battle of Yamamah, during the era of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra). There is a narration in Sahih Bukhari
regarding Hazrat Abdullah (ra)’s father, Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool. There are certain narrations which
perhaps are not directly related, however I present them
because one is able to acquire an understanding of
[Islamic] history as well. Hazrat Usama bin Zaid (ra) relates that the Holy
Prophet (saw) was once riding on a donkey on which a sheet of cloth made
from Fadak was placed upon it. The Holy Prophet (saw) sat Hazrat Usama bin
Zaid (ra) behind him and they were travelling to visit Hazrat Sa’ad (ra) bin
Ubadah, who was unwell and resided in the neighbourhood
of the Banu Harith bin Khazraj. This incident took place
prior to the Battle of Badr. Hazrat Usama bin Zaid (ra) relates that
whilst travelling they went past a gathering in which Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool was also
sat – at the time he had not become a Muslim, or rather he had not yet accepted
Islam to conceal his hypocrisy. The gathering consisted of a mix of individuals,
there were some Mushrikeen [idolaters], Jews and Muslims, who
were all sat in this gathering and Hazrat Abdullah (ra) bin
Rawaha was also among them. When the dust risen from the
animal fell on the gathering, Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool
covered his nose and said perhaps addressing
the Holy Prophet (saw), “Do not cast dust upon us!” The Holy Prophet (saw) offered greetings
of Salaam [peace] and got off the animal. The Holy Prophet (saw) then invited them
towards Allah and recited the Holy Qur’an. Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool replied,
“There is nothing better than what you say” or perhaps he said, “Is there
nothing better you can say?” The meaning of course depends how it
was translated from the original text, therefore the original source
needs to be consulted in order to determine
exactly what he said. In any case, he stated, “There is
nothing better than what you say, “however do not come to
our gathering and disrupt it, “rather go to back where you came from
and inform those who come to you.” Upon hearing this, Hazrat
Abdullah (ra) bin Rawaha stated, “O Prophet (saw) of Allah! You
should come to our gatherings “and recite this to us as
we greatly enjoy this.” Consequently, the Muslims, Idolaters and
Jews began to quarrel with one another and were almost about
to attack one another, however the Holy Prophet (saw) continued
to calm them down and advise them. Eventually, they stopped and the Holy
Prophet (saw) mounted his animal and set off and reached
Hazrat Sa’ad (ra) bin Ubadah. The Holy Prophet (saw) asked
Hazrat Sa’ad (ra) bin Ubadah, “O Sa’ad! Have you heard what
Abu Hubaab said to me today?” The Holy Prophet (saw) was
referring to Abdullah bin Ubayy. The Holy Prophet (saw) then
related to him the entire incident. Hazrat Sa’ad (ra) bin Ubadah replied,
“O Prophet (saw) of Allah! Forgive him “and overlook [this act of his]. “I swear by Him, Who has
revealed this Book to you “that God Almighty has now established the
truth here which He bestowed upon you. “The people here had already
decided to appoint him, “i.e. Abdullah bin Ubayy as their
leader and to place the turban “upon his head representing
the crown for leadership. “However, when Allah the Almighty did
not allow this to happen owing to the truth “which God Almighty has revealed you,
he began to burn in his fire of jealousy. “This is the reason why he uttered this.” Upon hearing this, the Holy
Prophet (saw) forgave him. The Holy Prophet (saw) and his
Companions (ra) would forgive the idolater and People of the Book as
commanded by God Almighty and would demonstrate patience when
they would cause them afflictions. God Almighty states:
(Arabic – Holy Quran 3:187) “…and you shall surely hear
many hurtful things from those “who were given the Book before you and
from those who set up equals to God.” God Almighty then states:
(Arabic – Holy Quran 2:110) “Many of the People of the Book wish out
of sheer envy from their own selves that, “after you have believed, they could
turn you again into disbelievers. “But forgive and turn away from them,
till Allah brings about His decree. “Surely, Allah has the power
to do all that He wills.” Indeed, the Holy Prophet (saw) would deem
forgiveness as the most appropriate recourse just as God Almighty had
commanded him to do as well, but in the end, God Almighty granted
the Holy Prophet (saw) permission when he stood against them at Badr. God Almighty caused some of the prominent leaders
among the disbelievers of Quraish to be killed, it was then that Abdullah
bin Ubayy bin Salool and other idolaters began to claim that this
indeed was an outstanding community. Subsequently, they pledged initiation to
the Holy Prophet (saw) to adhere to Islam and became Muslims. However, their acceptance of
Islam was only owing to fear because they realised that Muslims
had won the Battle of Badr. Therefore, as I mentioned that some of the
narrations may not have any direct link, however I mention them so
that we can also develop an understanding of the
historical events of that time. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra)
has further related details in regards to Abdullah bin
Ubayy bin Salool’s character: “The Holy Prophet (saw) gathered the
Muslims and sought their counsel “with regards to this attack of the Quraish;
whether they should remain in Medina, “or set out to fight the enemy. “Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Sulool,
who was actually a hypocrite, “but after the Battle of Badr had
become a Muslim at the outset, “was also a part of this consultative
meeting, and this was the first occasion “upon which the Holy Prophet (saw)
invited him to participate in consultation. “Prior to beginning, the Holy Prophet (saw)
mentioned the attack of the Quraish “and their deadly intentions. “Then, the Holy Prophet (saw) said,
‘Last night in my dream, I saw a cow, ‘and I also saw that the tip
of my sword had broken. ‘Then, I saw the cow being slaughtered, and I
also saw that I had placed my hand in a secure ‘and strong coat of mail “It has also been related in one narration
that the Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘I saw as if I was mounted
on the back of a ram.’ “The Companions (ra) inquired, ‘O Messenger (saw)
of Allah! How have you interpreted this dream?’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) responded: ‘I have
understood the slaughtering of the cow to infer ‘that some of my Companions (ra)
shall be martyred, ‘and it seems as if the breaking of
the tip of my sword is an indication ‘towards the martyrdom of
someone from among my relatives, ‘or perhaps I shall myself suffer
an injury in this campaign. ‘As for placing my hand in a coat of
mail, I have understood this to infer ‘that in order to fend off this attack, it is
more appropriate for us to remain in Medina.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) interpreted the
dream of himself being mounted on a ram “to symbolise the leader of the army
of the Quraish, i.e. its flag-bearer – “who would, God-willing, be
slain at the hands of the Muslims. “After this, the Holy Prophet (saw) sought
the counsel of his Companions (ra), “as to what should be done
in the current state of affairs. “Upon weighing the pros and cons of the situation
at hand, and perhaps being somewhat swayed “by the dream of the Holy Prophet (saw), “some of the prominent Companions (ra)
submitted the opinion “that it was more appropriate
to remain in Medina and fight. “Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Sulool, chief
of the hypocrites, proposed the same. “The Holy Prophet (saw) also
preferred this proposal and said, ‘It seems more beneficial for us
to stay in Medina and fight them.’ “However, a majority of the Companions (ra),
and especially those young men “who had not participated in the Battle of Badr,
and were restless to receive an opportunity “to serve the religion by means
of their own martyrdom, “very forcefully insisted that they should go
forth from the city and fight in an open field. “This group presented their opinion with such
persistence that upon witnessing their zeal, “the Holy Prophet (saw)
accepted their proposal “and decided that the Muslims would
fight the disbelievers in an open field. “After the Friday Prayer, the Holy Prophet (saw)
publicly urged the Muslims “to attain spiritual reward through Jihad in the
cause of Allah by participating in this Ghazwah. “Thereafter, the Holy Prophet (saw) retired
to his residence, where he tied his turban, “put on his equipment and took his arms
with the assistance of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) “and Hazrat Umar (ra), and
came out in the name of Allah. “However, during this time, due to the
admonishment of Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh (ra), “chief of the Aus tribe and other
prominent Companions (ra), “the party of young men
began to realise their mistake; “in that they should not have
insisted upon their own opinion “in opposition to the view
of God’s Messenger, “and most of them were now
inclined towards remorse. “When these people saw the Holy
Prophet (saw) coming with his arms, “clad in double the armour, and his
helmet, etc. their regret grew even more. “They almost unanimously submitted,
‘O Messenger of Allah (saw)! ‘We have committed a mistake in insisting
upon our own view over your own. ‘You should employ whatever
strategy you deem most appropriate. ‘God-willing, it shall be most blessed.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) said, ‘It does not
befit a Prophet of God to put on his arms ‘and then lay them down before
God issues forth a verdict. It cannot be the case that the Prophet
of Allah (saw) places his verdict and removes it, except if such is the desire of Allah. ‘So go forth now, in the name of
Allah and if you are steadfast, ‘then be certain that the succour of
Allah the Exalted shall be with you.’ “After this, the Holy Prophet (saw) instructed
that three flags be prepared for the Muslim army. “The flag of the Aus tribe was
entrusted to Usaid bin Al-Hudair (ra), “the flag of the Khazraj tribe was
entrusted to Habbab bin Mundhir (ra), “and the flag of the Muhajireen
was entrusted to Hazrat Ali (ra). “Then, after appointing Abdullah bin Ummi
Maktum (ra) as the Imamus-Salat in Medina “and observing Asr Salat, the Holy
Prophet (saw) set out from Medina “with a large community
of the Companions (ra). “The chieftains of the Aus and Khazraj tribe,
Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh (ra) and Sa‘d bin Ubadah (ra) “proceeded along, running slowly, just ahead
of the mount of the Holy Prophet (saw), “and the rest of the Companions (ra)
moved forward-positioned to the right, “left and behind the Holy Prophet (saw). “The mountain of Uhud is situated approximately
three miles to the north of Medina. “At the half-way mark, at a
place known as ‘Shaikhain,’ “the Holy Prophet (saw) halted and
ordered an inspection of the Muslim army. “Minors who had come along in their eagerness
to participate in Jihad were sent back. “Accordingly, Abdullah bin Umar (ra), Usamah
bin Zaid (ra) and Abu Sa‘id Khudri (ra), “among others, were all sent back. “Rafi bin Khadij (ra) was also
the same age as these children, “but possessed great skill in archery. “Due to this quality of his, his father interceded
on his behalf before the Holy Prophet (saw) “so that he may be permitted
to participate in this Jihad. “When the Holy Prophet (saw) lifted his sights
towards Rafi, he took a firm stance at attention “in the likeness of warriors, so that
he could appear strong and tall. “As such, this plan succeeded “and the Holy Prophet (saw) granted
him permission to ride along. “Upon this, another child by the name of Samurah
bin Jundub (ra), who had been ordered to return, “went to his father and said, ‘If
Rafi has been granted permission, ‘then I should be permitted as well, ‘because I am stronger than Rafi and
can put him down in a bout of wrestling.’ “The father was over-joyed
at the sincerity of his son; “both father and son presented
themselves before the Holy Prophet (saw) “and the father presented
the desire of his son. “The Holy Prophet (saw) smiled and said, ‘Alright
then, let Rafi and Samurah wrestle one another, ‘so that we may determine who
is the stronger of the two.’ “Thus, the competition took place;
Samurah (ra) took hold of Rafi (ra) “and threw him to the
ground in an instant. “The Holy Prophet (saw) granted Samurah (ra)
permission to come along as well “and this innocent child was delighted. “Now that evening had arrived,
Bilal (ra) called the Adhan, “and all of the Companions (ra) offered
their Salat behind the Holy Prophet (saw). “Then, the Muslims set up camp
for the night at this very place. “The Holy Prophet (saw) appointed Muhammad bin
Maslamah (ra) to arrange security for the night; “alongside a group of 50 Companions he circled
the Muslim army and stood guard all night long. “The following day, on the 15th of Shawwal 3
A.H.3 or the 31st of March 624 A.D. on Saturday, “before dawn, the Muslim army marched
forward and offering their Salat en-route, “reached the foot of mount Uhud
at the start of the morning. “It was on this occasion that the
evil Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Sulool, “chief of the hypocrites betrayed the Muslims,
and separating himself along with 300 followers, “returned to Medina saying, ‘Muhammad (saw)
did not pay heed to my advice, ‘and being swayed by inexperienced
youngsters has come out of Medina. ‘ Hence, I cannot remain
with him and fight.’ “Some people admonished him of their own accord,
saying that such betrayal was uncalled for, “but he would not have it,
and continued to retort, ‘If this was a battle I too
would have taken part, ‘but this is not battle, it is suicide. ‘Now all that remained of the
Muslim army was 700 souls, ‘which was even less than a quarter
of the 3,000 warriors of the Quraish.’” In any case, the Battle commenced and
there are various incidents and accounts in relation to this which I shall relate
in the next sermon, God Willing. I will now mention some details
regarding a deceased member, respected Khwaja Rashid-ul-din Qamar
Sahib, son of Maulana Qamar-ul-Din Sahib, and I will also be leading his
funeral prayer in absentia. Khwaja Rashid-ul-din Qamar Sahib passed
away at the age of 86 on 10th October after suffering from an illness. Surely to Allah we belong
and to Him shall we return. Khwaja Rashid-ul-din Qamar
Sahib was born in 1933 in Qadian and as I mentioned earlier he was the
son of Maulvi Qamar-ul-Din Sahib. Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) appointed
Maulvi Qamar-ul-Din Sahib as the first Sadr [president] of
Majlis Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya. Khwaja Rashid-ul-din Qamar
Sahib was the paternal grandson of Hazrat Mia Khair-ul-Din
Sahib Sikhwani (ra) and was the maternal uncle of
our respected Ameer Sahib UK. In regards to Hazrat Mia Khair-ul-Din
Sahib Sikhwani (ra) and his two brothers, the Promised Messiah (as)
has written in Anjam-e-Atham: “I am amazed at the love and
sincerity shown by our Jama‘at. “Even persons with meagre income
like Mian Jamal-ud-Din, Khair-ud-Din, “and Imam-ud-Din of Kashmir
who live near our village. “Even these three brothers of meagre
means who work as labourers “and perhaps earn twelve or sixteen pennies a day,
take part in monthly donations with great zeal.” The Promised Messiah (as) once made an appeal
for Chanda and all three brothers contributed, mentioning this the Promised
Messiah (as) states, “Their contribution towards Chanda
is indeed astounding and admirable “for they keep very little of the
worldly wealth to themselves, “much like the example of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra)
who brought everything he had in his home, “and they have given precedence
to faith over all worldly things “just as it is stipulated in
the conditions of the Bai’at.” Khwaja Sahib was among their progeny. After the partition, the deceased served in
the Pakistan Air Force for a short while and then moved to the UK in 1958 and
worked in British Airways for 33 years. Since had great passion to serve the Jama’at,
he would arrange for his shifts to be at night during his employment, so that he
could serve the Jama’at during the day. He spent almost his entire life serving
the Jama’at and served in various posts. The deceased had the opportunity to serve as the
first Qaid of Majlis Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya UK and served at this office for 7 years. At the time, all of the auxillary orgasations of
Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya around the world were under the central Markaz and Khwaja
Sahib was the first Qaid for the UK. Khwaja Sahib also had the opportunity
to serve as General Secretary, Secretary Maal, Secretary Rishta Naata, Secretary
Amoor-e-Aama and Naib Afsar Jalsa Gah. Khwaja Sahib was a man of many
qualities, he had great love for Khilafat and would show great respect
towards the elders of the Jama’at, missionaries and
office-bearers of the Jama’at. He was an extremely pious person, very
regular in offering his Tahajjud prayer, congregational prayers and in his
contributions towards Sadqa and charity. He was very sociable, looked after the poor,
showed great compassion towards children and showed respect to everyone, young and old
alike and was extremely devoted towards prayers. The deceased was a Moosi by the grace of
Allah the Almighty and leaves behind his wife, a son and two daughters. He also has one sister and 3 brothers. One of his maternal grandsons, Qaasid
Muin who is a missionary of the Jama’at and is currently serving
in MTA and Al-Hakam. Qaasid Muin Sahib writes, “Every weekend,
we would spend at our grandfather’s house “and would stay there. “Therefore, every week I had the
opportunity to see him from very close. “During my childhood, I
would often sleep in his room “and I observed that he would
always offer Nawafil before sleeping. “He would offer these Nawafils in a
most beautiful and peaceful manner. “He would always wake up for the
Tahajjud prayer in the morning “and would also wake
us for the Fajr prayer.” He further writes, “I always found
him to be extremely compassionate “and had a very angelic personality. “He never told us off however I
recall that once he told me off “when during the time of Khaliftul
Masih IV (rh), out of my innocence, “I once asked him about the
next Khalifa and who it will be. “Upon this my grandfather told me off and
explained to me to not say such things. “Thus, right from my childhood, this taught me a
great lesson about the true status of Khilafat.” The deceased had an
extraordinary loyal relationship with Khilafat and would
regularly write to me. During the final days of his illness, he also
came to visit me a few days before this tour. He had been diagnosed with cancer and had to
go through a very painful treatment and illness, however he endured this with
great patience and steadfastness and explained everything
to me with great courage. May Allah the Almighty grant
him His forgiveness and mercy and grant him the
company of his loved ones and also enable his children and future
progeny to continue his good deeds. All praise is due to Allah. We laud Him, we beseech help
from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against
the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the
right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled,
none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves
to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad
is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May
Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with
justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as
one does to one ‘s kindred and forbids evil which
pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits
revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He
too will remember you; call Him and He will make
a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance
is the highest virtue.