>>Can anything good
come out of Nazareth? Those words show the
questionable local reputation of this small village,
but God had a plan. And that little town was
home to God’s greatest gift. Barry, in this episode
we’re wanting to focus more on the childhood, the
young years, of Jesus. So we’re wanting to get
back up to Nazareth. You know, over in
Matthew, chapter 2, it explains when
they make that move. That “Herod died and behold
an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph
in Egypt saying, ‘Rise. Take the child and his mother
and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the
child’s life are dead.’ And he rose and took the
child and his mother and went to the land of Israel,
but when he heard that Archelaus was
reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he
was afraid to go there. And being warned in a dream,
he withdrew to the district of Galilee and he went and
lived in a city called Nazareth that what was spoken by the
prophets might be fulfilled. ‘He shall be called a Nazarene.'” Now we’re not going to be
able to go down to Egypt. That’s not possible this time. But we do want to
get up to Nazareth. Where can we go to see something that would have been
like Jesus saw?>>Luckily for us, they’ve
created a first century replica village of Nazareth, complete
with buildings and people and animals and kind
of get an idea of what it would have looked
like during the first century.>>I would love to go see that.>>Oh, it’s a great place to go.>>Okay. So we want to go up. We want to go see
Nazareth Village. But we also have recorded for
us that during the childhood of Jesus, especially
around his twelfth year, that there’s a trip his family
made from their hometown in Nazareth back down to
Jerusalem to go to the temple. And it was in that instance
where he gets left behind and his family actually
leaves town and they end up realizing he’s not here. And they end up interacting
with Jesus. So we want to talk a
little bit about what that would have been like.>>We will. Any good Jewish family would
have been following the law, and the law required
that the family come to Jerusalem three times
a year for the feast and that’s exactly what
we have recorded for us in Luke the second chapter.>>Now how far are
we going to go from Jerusalem up to Nazareth? How far is that?>>Oh, that’s probably
about 60 miles.>>How long will it
take us to travel that?>>Well, for us in
a car we can do it in actually a couple hours. For them it would have
taken nearly a week.>>Nearly a week
to go just one way? So two weeks for the round trip.>>Right.>>So I’m really
excited to go check out this first century
replica city of Nazareth.>>Oh, it’s a beautiful place, and I think you’ll
enjoy your visit.>>We’re in Nazareth
Village here in Nazareth, and there’s just a lot to see.>>You’re right about that. I really enjoy coming
to Nazareth Village because it gives you an
insight of what cities and towns would have looked
like during the first century. Modern day Nazareth
is a huge city. It has about 70,000 people. And ancient Nazareth
sat in a little bowl in the Galilean hills, in a
very small town during the time of Jesus. And being able to go to Nazareth
Village helps you understand a little bit more about what
the city and the buildings and everything would
have looked like.>>And it’s really —
It’s very secluded. It’s on the side of a hill. And to walk in to the
town they have trees all around the lower sides. For the most part, you feel like
you’ve walked into a time warp because you can look around
and as you look around it’s like modern day Nazareth
disappears, which I think is just
— It’s brilliant. It really helps maintain
the atmosphere and the mood. And I just I really appreciate
how they put that together.>>Right. Every time I
come to Israel I always go to Nazareth Village because
it teaches you so many lessons about the first century.>>The first thing that we come to in Nazareth Village
is a threshing area where they have a donkey and he’s got a wooden apparatus
behind him threshing out grain and threshing out wheat,
walking in a circle.>>What they would do is
they would bring the wheat in after the harvest,
put it around here, and they’d put a threshing
floor back behind a donkey. They would lead it around. It would thresh the wheat
so that it would pull out the grain from the wheat. Then it would be taken over
here and ground in to a meal that would be used
then for bread. It’s fantastic being here at
Nazareth Village and being able to see things like this. One of the things I like
about coming here is that it brings first century
Nazareth to the current age and we can come right here
and we can see these things, how they operate, during
the time of Christ.>>They had several sheep. They had a couple of lambs. You know, they’re sticking their
noses out through the gate, trying to get really close and
touch them and talk to them. Very calm animals. We passed by there to come to
a replica first century tomb. You see the circular stone
that would have been rolled in front of the opening. Climbing in to the replica
tomb, it’s hard to describe. You know, you’re walking down in to this small little
cavernous space, this opening with some inches in the back. And to think about Christ’s
body being laid in something like that and then having
the stone rolled away without anyone helping
except for the angels. And then looking from the inside
out is something that we just, we don’t think about very often. What would Christ have seen
for the very first time as he’s looking out
after the resurrection? So it’s just all those
thoughts go through my head when I’m stepping
through that doorway.>>One of the things
I appreciate in coming to Nazareth Village
is being able to see the character
actors there in their first century outfits
doing first century activities. Seeing that helps you
appreciate so many of the verses in the Bible so much more.>>When we walk in to the
carpenter shop I just have a special attachment to that. Woodworking is something that I
do for a hobby back at my house, and to see the kind of tools
that Jesus would have used, that Joseph would have
trained him in using, was just — It was special.>>So we are at Joseph’s
carpentry shop. So first century replica of
what Jesus would have been doing with his father and
some of the tools. So we have the drill. Could we try the drill? Yeah? Okay. So this is supposed to
be a first century drill. He was going a whole lot faster. But it’s spinning. How long for each hole? Two minutes? Five minutes? Oh, man. Yeah. I prefer my cordless at home. That is really cool.>>You okay?>>Yeah. Okay. You make it look easy.>>No, it’s not easy.>>You make it look easy. There we go. You do it better. Joseph, thank you so much. I appreciate it. To see what would have
looked like, to reach up and touch that, that
was special. It was just it was a neat
thing for me to connect with. How long did he say
it would take?>>I think he said about
five, six, seven minutes.>>To do one?>>Right.>>I’d be there a
long time making one of the pieces of furniture.>>The last couple times I
visited he’s been working on the same ladder. And so I guess eventually
he’ll get finished with it, but who knows?>>He’s not a very
efficient guy.>>No. No.>>It’s very visual.>>But I guarantee you when he
gets finished it will be a very nice ladder.>>So he’s grinding using
a mortar and a pestle. So what is this?>>Rosemary.>>It’s rosemary? And you’re grinding it? Now what would you use that for?>>Food.>>So you’d use it
to flavor your food. Okay. So it’s pulverizing
that herb. It smells amazing. Very fragrant. Thank you. So when we walk in to the
weaver’s house, she’s working on this rug and she’s
finishing it up. I mean she’s really
wrapping up the bottom and the tassels are
getting made. And she took the time to
explain the different yarns that she has, how she made
the yarn from the wool in the first place,
and then the processes that she uses to dye the wool.>>So would you boil it?>>Okay.>>Okay.>>Okay.>>So that’s undyed?>>Okay.>>And what makes the blue?>>Just 1 kilo you’d more than
1,000 snails to get the color.>>Wow.>>So very expensive?>>Okay. That’s right. Very good.>>Thank you.>>It’s easy to walk
away with a mistaken idea that older civilizations
were somehow behind us or lesser than us. To watch her work and
to see what she does, how much she’s putting
in to every single thing, I mean these people
were brilliant. And it may have taken them
longer to do things like that, but the fact that they
were able to figure out how and get the process down without
some of the mechanical helps that we have today just hints
at how brilliant they were.>>We’re inside the only first
century synagogue replica in the country. And it’s an amazing place to be. You see the multi tiered seating
system around the perimeter so everyone will be
facing each other. You see the heart shaped
columns in the corner. There are seven columns in
this particular replica. And when you come around opposite the front
door you’ve got this area where someone would have been
presenting or speaking to those who came to the assembly. Now this table set up would not
necessarily have been there, but for prop usage it’s great
to understand that this is where the speaker or the
reader would have been. So off to my left in the
corner here is a doorway that goes to a storage chamber. They would have had jars
holding their sacred writings on a scroll. So when it says that
Jesus read from Isaiah, that would have come out of the
jar out of the storage room. He would have been reading to
those who were gathered here. This just gives you
a great sense of where Jesus would
have learned, where Jesus would have taught,
where Jesus would have gathered with folks from his
hometown of Nazareth. Walking in to the completed
first century synagogue is — It’s a special moment. To visualize Jesus standing
and teaching and interacting with crowds as a preacher and
teacher is just astounding. I’m really struggling
with how to wrap up our experience
at Nazareth Village. There are things I
want to see more of. There are things I want
to spend more time with. I appreciate the
time we were there, but it wasn’t nearly
long enough. I want to come back. Today we went down
to the marketplace in the old city of Jerusalem.>>Jeremy, we’re in this
Muslim quarter of the old city. We’re in the midst of
a marketplace here.>>A busy marketplace.>>Yeah. Very busy. We’ve got all kinds of fruits
and vegetables over here. Got flowers over here.>>The marketplace is really
the heart of the city. I mean especially old Jerusalem. You come here to get anything. You come here to
get your produce, your precious metals,
your clothes. It’s like a huge bazaar.>>It really is. And I love coming here. The old city has
such personality. It really is exciting to come.>>Walking through
the marketplace in the old city is unlike any
other shopping expedition I’ve gone on. It’s not like going
through an outlet store in the U.S. It’s not like
going to an enclosed mall with escalators and everything’s
pristine and clean and glass. You’re passing shops
made out of stones that date back centuries,
sometimes millennia. They’re rough and
there’s texture to them. An artifact shop on one
side and you turn the corner and there’s a butcher
on the other side with things hanging
in the window. There’s just there’s
nothing else like it. You’re going through there and
people are coming and going. And when we talk about,
“Well, I’m going to go to the grocery store” or “I’m
going to go to the market” in the west, in the
U.S., we’re talking about a large big box store
with huge aisles and lots of room and tons of space. But that’s not the
way this works. You have vendors selling out
of these small little hole in the walls all the
way down these streets and they’re displaying
their wares along the way and just bright colors. Just a lot of salesmanship
going on. A lot of haggling going on. Almost everything is negotiable. You know, the first question
you ask is, “So how much?” And let him throw out a price. And then go back and forth. You kind of have to have an idea
of what something ought to go for before you go in and this is
just — It’s a neat place to go.>>I don’t really
enjoy big cities. I’m more of a country person. I’d much rather stay
in the country, have the wide open spaces. But I love the old
city of Jerusalem. It’s just a maze of alleyways
and small roads and hundreds, if not thousands,
of little shops. Every 10 feet there’s new
little shops on every side. There are people
selling everything. This is not just
a tourist place. People live there. And so this is where they
shop for fruits and vegetables and tennis shoes and clothes
and eyeglasses and spices. One of the places
where we stopped going through there was one
of the spice shops. You knew that you were
getting close just because of the aroma in the air.>>About 200 yards away
you could smell the spices.>>It’s a wonderful
place to stop.>>Some of their
spices are combined. You know, for a specific food. So over here on the right we’ve
got one that’s for a falafel, but it’s a combined spice. There are multiple
spices in that. Or one for meat. Further up here is some
for a Cambodian flavor. And we’ve got coriander right
here, cinnamon right here, and a bunch of different
curries. Shawarma. I think
it’s just beautiful and the colors are vibrant and you can smell
everything from so far away.>>The old city has so
much personality to it. It’s divided into four
quarters, the Jewish quarter, the Muslim quarter,
the Christian quarter, and the Armenian quarter, and each of those four quarters
are completely different places. As you’re walking
from one quarter to another you immediately
notice that, “I’m in a different area now.”>>And, to some degree, that would have been there
in the first century. As Jesus was walking in downtown
Jerusalem or as he was walking around the temple mount,
he would have had vendors. He would have had shops. He would have had stalls. There are examples of that at the first century
street by the temple mount. And so you’d have that
kind of flavor going on, and it’s been preserved. That’s still the
way they do things.>>We read about
that in the Bible. Of course, when any Jewish
family came to Jerusalem, especially around feast time or if they had a special
dedication they needed to perform on behalf of their
family, they would need to go to some sort of marketplace
to purchase doves or a goat or some sort of sacrifice. And so there are all
kinds of things there.>>Barry, one of the times
that Jesus’ family came down to Jerusalem
we’re told they came down annually for the Passover. Luke tells us that, “His parents
went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the Passover. And when he was 12 years old
they went up according to custom and when the feast was ended as they were returning the
boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents didn’t know it.” You know, they’re
on their way home. They don’t realize that
Jesus isn’t with their group. And they have to come
back and find him. It takes them three
days and they find him in the temple mount
interacting with teachers. So where are we standing
right now?>>We’re standing on the southern steps
of the temple mount. And so the Jews of that
time when they came to Jerusalem they would
have come up these steps in to the temple so that
they could take care of what they needed to do here.>>Okay. So these steps
that we’re standing on are first century steps. We’re also facing the southern
wall of the temple mount. Actually in this corner
there are the remains of the double gate. It’s been blocked off. It’s not in use. We can actually only see about
half of that former gate.>>Right. There’s
later period buildings that have blocked a lot of it.>>But that would have been
one of the entrance points, one of the two southern entrance
points, in to the temple mount. To imagine the events
of Luke, chapter 2, throngs of people coming
to Jerusalem for Passover, Jesus and his family
coming south from Galilee, they would have been
accessing the temple mount. They would have been
sacrificing. There would have been
teaching going on. Scribes and rabbis. And Jesus was interacting
with those folks.>>That’s right.>>He was impressing
the teachers. He was there for multiple
days and when Mary and Joseph finally interact with
him and find him he explains that the reason he stayed behind
was to do his father’s business.>>That’s correct. That would have all taken place
up here on the temple mount.>>You’ll hear us say a lot this
was the traditional location. You’ll hear us say it was
somewhere in this area, but there were two
primary entrances in to the temple mount. Some think one was
used for an entrance and one was used for an exit. That’s even better for us
because that’s easy to say. Jesus used these steps. Jesus went to the temple
mount on an annual basis. His family went there
for Passover. Jesus walked on these steps. And it’s thrilling
to think about that and confidently say that. Now what do you think
about Jesus and his parents not realizing
that he was gone for so long? I mean the — People joke
around about leaving their kids at the church building and
five minutes later going, “Wait a minute. We have an empty seat.” But for a family to be traveling
and not realize that for so long, what do
we make of that?>>As they were going back to Galilee there would have
been a large group of people. It would have been
easy for them to assume that Jesus was probably
with other family members. And they got halfway
up the road, you know, and realized, “Oh, no. He’s not here.”>>They would have thought
something along the lines of, you know, “Jesus is
with uncle so and so or with aunt so and so.” And after tracking that down
they realized, “Wait a minute. Jesus is not with uncle or aunt. He’s back in Jerusalem.”>>He was. They found him here
in the temple talking to the priest and the scribes.>>That’s right. So you have a 12 year old boy
interacting with these men that have made it their lives’
work to understand the law, to understand the
rabbinical teachings, and this 12 year old boy
is interacting with them, astounding the people
that are listening to him. And of course when his family
finds him Jesus makes the statement that he has to be
about his father’s business. And making reference
to his heavenly father. Jesus understands what he’s
about and what his mission is. Even though he’s a child.>>That’s exactly
right, and I think it’s so interesting how
Mary approaches a lot of these things about Jesus. She sees things like that
and stores them in her heart. She knows there’s something
special about this child.>>As a parent, I think
about how it would have felt to realize I left my Nazarene
son I left in Jerusalem.>>And then you couldn’t
find him for three days.>>It took you three
days to find him. And then when you finally
do there isn’t this, “Oh, I’m so sorry, mom and dad.” There wasn’t any of that. There was just this very calm, “I needed to be here doing
what I was sent to do.” I initially probably would
have been taken a little aback by that. But they obviously took that
to heart and Luke records that for us to help us
understand that even at 12 years old Jesus
understood something about himself and his mission.>>In this episode of “Following
the Messiah” we’ve been talking about the childhood and
early years of Jesus, culminating with his 12 year
old trip for the Passover down to Jerusalem
and the temple mount. Now all of these stops that we’ve made along the
way are like breadcrumbs. We’re following a trail. All of these things hint at
his identity as the son of God, the one who came
to be the Messiah. We know especially at
that temple mount visit that his mother saved up
that trip in her heart, that everything that
happened, her conversation, Jesus saying he must be
about his father’s business, that was just one more piece of
the puzzle for her to figuring out who Jesus was and
what he was about. Now if those things
were special to Mary and the gospel writers thought that they were significant
enough to record them for us, then we have to pay
special attention to those things as well. Those things help us
understand who Jesus is.