Israel also known as the State of Israel is a country in Western Asia located on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon is located to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank to the east, Egypt and the Gaza Strip to the southwest. How did Israel become a nation? When did their Country begin and how was it established? Much of what scholars know about Israel’s ancient history comes from the Hebrew Bible According to the text, Israel’s origins can be traced back to Abraham, Abraham whose name means “Father of many nations Abraham left Ur, in Mesopotamia, because God called him to found a new nation in an undesignated land that he later learned was Canaan It is said that this is a place a place between Syria and Egypt There he repeatedly received the promise and a covenant from God that his “seed” would inherit the land and become a nation. Eventually, he not only has a son, Ishmael, by his wife’s maidservant Hagar but has, at 100 years of age, by Sarah, a legitimate son, Isaac, while Isaac begat twin sons called Esau and Jacob God later changed the name of Jacob and called it “Israel” which means “God contends, or one who struggles with God.” Jacob or Israel had children in 12 tribes of Israel and one of them was Joseph who was sold into Egypt and had a high position as Israel came to Egypt when there was a famine. Israel became a slave in Egypt and here Moses came out. Moses was the prophet used by God to bring Israel out of Egypt. And when they came out of Egypt they were in the wilderness for many years before entering into the promised land, A little while later, Israel had a King, It was King Saul. King David succeeded him King David was known for killing Goliath with a stone .His son King Solomon succeeded King David. King Solomon is said to be the wisest of the Kings and he also built the first Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Around 722 B.C., the Assyrians invaded and destroyed the northern kingdom of Israel. In 568 B.C., the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the first temple, which was replaced by a second temple in about 516 B.C. 586 – Babylon, ruled by Nebuchadnezzar II, conquers Judah and destroys the Temple and takes many Israelites captive. 538 – Cyrus the Great, King of Persia, conquers Babylonia. He allows the Jewish people to return home. 322 – The Greeks, led by Alexander the Great, conquer Israel along with all of Persia and Egypt 167 – The Maccabean revolt occurs and brings independence to the Jews 63 – Rome, led by Pompey the Great, conquers Israel. 37 – Herod the Great is made King of Israel by Rome This was the time when Jesus was Born and his ministry grows until his crucifixion and resurrection 70 – The Romans destroy the Second Temple and much of Jerusalem. 73 – The last of the Jewish rebels are defeated at Masada. 132 – The Jewish people revolt against Roman rule. Hundreds of thousands of Jews are killed. 200 – The Mishnah, the first portion of the Talmud, is written down. This is the oral traditions and law of the Jewish people 350 – The Jerusalem version of the Talmud is completed. Another version, the Babylonian version, will be compiled around 500 CE. 614 – The Persians capture Jerusalem after the Siege of Jerusalem. 629 – The Byzantine Empire recaptures Jerusalem. 638 – Muslim forces capture Jerusalem. 691 – The Dome of the Rock is built on the Temple Mount. 1071 – The Seljuk Turks take control of Jerusalem and forbid Christians from entering the city. 1096 – After almost 20 years Christians in Europe embark on military expedition to regain the lost holy lands taken by the Muslims this started in 1096 and was called the first crusades 1099 – Crusaders take control of Jerusalem.after 3 years 1187 – Saladin, the Sultan of Egypt, captures Jerusalem. Jews are allowed to enter the city. From 1517 to 1917, Israel, along with much of the Middle East, was ruled by the Ottoman Empire. When World War I ended in 1918 with an Allied victory, the 400-year Ottoman Empire rule ended, and Great Britain took control over what became known as Palestine (modern-day Israel, Palestine and Jordan). 1939 – World War II begins. During the war 6 million Jewish people will be killed by Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany in the Holocaust. The British controlled Palestine, in the years following the end of World War II The United Nations approved a plan to partition Palestine into a Jewish and Arab state in 1947, but the Arabs rejected it. In May 1948, Israel was officially declared an independent state with David Ben-Gurion , the head of the Jewish Agency, as the prime minister. Following the announcement of an independent Israel, five Arab nations—Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon— immediately invaded the region in what became known as the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Civil war broke out throughout all of Israel, but a cease-fire agreement was reached in 1949. As part of the temporary armistice agreement, the West Bank became part of Jordan, and the Gaza Strip became Egyptian territory. Numerous wars and acts of violence between Arabs and Jews have ensued since the 1948 Arab-Israeli War Clashes between Israelis and Palestinians are still commonplace. Key territories of land are divided, but some are claimed by both groups While Israel has been plagued by unpredictable war and violence in the past, many national leaders and citizens are hoping for a secure, stable nation in the future. I hope that you liked my video and please dont forget to click the like button and subscribe to my channel